Soft Point (SP) bullets are standard bullets designed to provide valuable and controlled expansion when penetrating.
This is accomplished by the soft lead exposed in the nose, which initiates expansion and by the progressively tapered jacket in its ogival part, which provides uniform mushrooming and good penetration.
Pointed Soft Point (PSP) bullets have sharp lead nose, which cause the bullets expansion when hitting and aerodynamically shaped ogival part which provide better ballistic coefficient and maximum striking energy at longer ranges.
Soft Point Boat Tail (SPBT) and Pointed Soft Point Boat Tail (PSP BT) bullets have specially shaped back part of a reduced diameter, which lowers the air drag. The better ballistic coefficient of these bullets, primary PSP BT bullet, provides successful firing at longer distances, at which the bullet keeps higher striking energy with reduced drift and flatter trajectory.
Soft Point Round Nose (SP RN) bullets have a blunt rounded nose and are suitable for short range shooting, especially in bushes (or in woods).
The large lead weight exposed in the nose assures high energy impact and bullet mushrooming that is reliable even at smaller velocitiest. These bullets have larger bullet weight for a certain length.
Flat Soft Point (FSP) bullets have a flat lead nose of increased diameter. These bullets are suitable for use in the carbines with tubular magazines as they reduce the possibility of primer ignition in the cartridge placed in front due to recoil when firing. They expand reliably and penetrate deeply on light to medium game.
Hollow Soft Point (HSP) bullets have a cavity in the nose which causes expansion and helps mushroooming during penetration.
Hollow Point (HP) bullets are designed primary for shooting competition. Due to cavity in the nose, center of gravity is placed back, improving flight stability and accuracy. Hollow point initiates rapid expansion on impact.
Hollow Point Boat Tail (HPBT) bullets have higher ballistic coefficient because of small meplat, long ogival and boat tail design. These features enable very accurate long range shooting, with flat trajectory and reduced wind drift.
Full Metal Jacket (FMJ) bullets are nonexpanding bullets with a full-length jacket opened at the base only. Due to their sharp nose, these bullets provide good penetration.
They are suitable for target shooting, but also for varmint hunting as they cause minimal tissue damage and leave a small exit hole.
Full Metal Jacket Round Nose (FMJ RN) with rounded nose is suitable for short range shooting. They provide maximum penetration when hunting dangerous game.
Full Metal Jacket Boat Tail (FMJ BT) bullets are specially shaped bullets to reduce air resistance. The rear cone in combination with aerodynamically shaped ogival part provides high ballistic coefficient, slight velocity drop on trajectory, greater down-range energy and less wind drift as well.